A Grim History of Conflict
Since 2011, deadly conflict in Syria has decimated the economy and infrastructure, creating a humanitarian crisis affecting millions of people. The United Nations Refugee Agency estimates that up to 5 million Syrians have fled the country and another 6 million have been internally displaced by the fighting. Many of Syria’s doctors and other health workers have left the country; health facilities in Northwest Syria continue to be targets of bombing and violence. Hundreds of health workers have died in attacks. According to the World Health Organization, most public hospitals and health clinics in Syria are closed or only partially functioning, and there is little access to health care across many parts of the country. Access to basic services, including health care in the refugee camps and host communities in neighboring countries faces significant resource challenges and relies on host governments and aid organizations efforts. Updated March 2021.